6,000-year-old grave in England reveals oldest known family tree in the world
Using DNA, experts discovered the corpses of 27 family members in a grave approximately 6,000 years old. The tomb was discovered in England, indicating direct descendants of five generations, through a man and four women.
The discovery of the 6,000-year-old tomb
The findings imply that polygamous marriages existed at the highest levels of Neolithic society, as scientists believe it is unlikely that prehistoric man had four successive wives. On the contrary, he presumably had more than one partner simultaneously.
However, the burial chamber was divided into two L-shaped compartments, located to the north and south of the frame, and in which the individuals were buried leaned on the ladies of the first generation from which they came, the deceased of two of the women. were buried in the northern enclosure, and the heirs of the other two women were buried in the southern enclosure.
Two of the lineage daughters who actually died as children were buried in the mausoleum, yet no older women of the lineage were submerged there.
They could be placed in the family graves of their husbands, according to Olalde.
He believes the woman was married to men buried in the tomb but had no children or only adult children who were later buried elsewhere.
While the Neolithic tombs of the European Union do not exhibit such ambiguity, Olalde believes that the ties between those entombed in Hazleton North’s tomb reflect many earlier lineage systems within immigrant civilization.
According to Olalde, this finding indicated that these 1st generation women were also clearly relevant in their society and that their prestige was accepted during the construction of the burial chamber.
“These stepchildren could be adopted into the home when their parents merged it,” he joked.
Yet it was also possible that the woman would also have children of men outside the home who were not accepted as spouses.
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The oldest known family tree in the world
Olalde also described four men buried in the grave whose parents were lineage members but whose fathers were not. These men were nicknamed the “stepchildren of the four brothers”.
This discovery proposed that ancestry was highly patriarchal, meaning that future generations buried in the mausoleum were linked to the ancient era through their male members, according to investigators. They also found evidence of three women and five men who had no biological connection to the household in the same mausoleum.
The significance of the five unassociated men is unknown, although they may have been adopted into the household or linked by ties that cannot be determined biologically, according to Olalde.
Hazleton North’s burial chamber dates from the Premature Neolithic period in England, and it is likely that those buried there came to Britain from mainland Europe as part of a wave of Neolithic landowners in the period, he told reporters.
The tumulus, or burial berm, stood in a paddy field where millennia of barrels fought to completely ruin it, so archaeologists excavated to conserve what was left, according to Olalde.
“This study is important because it is the first large family tree that we have had since ancient times,” he explained.
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